Natural Stone
Terrazzo/Ground
Ceramic Tile
Quartz Surfaces
Memorials
Donor Recognition
Caring
Natural Stone

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Characteristics of Natural Stone

Marble, granite, travertine, limestone and slate are quarried products. Stones are a natural-honed or polished stone, not factory-made or fired. No two pieces are alike; there are inherent variances in all stone. These characteristics may include color and shade variations, geological flaws, irregular markings, voids, pitting, veins, fissures and lines of minor separations. However, these characteristics are part of the natural beauty of the stone and will not impair the function or wearing qualities of the material.

 

Types of Stone

Granite: Granite is a visible granular, igneous stone; granite generally ranges in color from near-white through the spectrum of golds, pinks, greens and blues, to grays and blacks. Granite consists primarily of quartz, mica and feldspar. Granites are the hardest architectural stone, making them ideal for granite countertops and high-traffic areas.

Limestone: Limestone is a sedimentary stone composed principally of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate), the mineral dolomite (double carbonate of calcium and magnesium), or some combination of the two. Limestone is generally softer and less dense than granite and more homogenous in appearance.

Marble: Marble is a metamorphic stone possessing a distinctive crystalline texture. Marble is composed principally of the carbonate minerals calcite and dolomite, singly or in combination. Marbles are typically softer than granite, and are available in a wide spectrum of color and veining.

Onyx: Onyx is a semi-precious sedimentary gemstone of calcite variety with an extremely fine crystal formation. Onyx is valued for its translucent quality and can be backlit for dramatic effect.

Quartzite: Quartzite is a highly hardened, typical metamorphosed member of the sandstone group. Quartzite can look similar to slate, but is actually harder and denser. Quartzite is also available in slabs.

Sandstone: Sandstone is a sedimentary stone composed mostly of mineral and stone fragments. Sandstone contain a minimum or 60% free silica. Sandstone is a soft, loose-knit stone that has a natural, rustic look.

Shell Stone: Shell Stone is a sedimentary stone found in Florida and Central America, sharing characteristics of limestone, with fossils and shell embedded in its body. Shell stone is a relatively soft, porous stone that retains less heat than denser stone. Shell stone is often used in exteriors near pools.

Slate: Slate is a micro crystalline metamorphic stone commonly derived from shale. Slate is primarily composed of mica, chlorite and quartz. Slates are predominantly available in cleft-finished tiles; ideal for in exterior, non-freeze settings.

Travertine: Travertine is a type of crystalline or micro crystalline limestone with a distinctive layered structure. Some layers in travertine contain pores and cavities which create an open texture. Pores in travertine may be filled or unfilled, depending on the product selected. Travertine is available in warm, earth tones, making it one of the most popular stones for interior and exterior flooring.

 

Types of Finishes

Honed Finish: A smooth, satin (but not shiny) finish on the stone.

Polished Finish: A high-gloss finish attained by machine-grinding and buffing the stone.

Patinato: Refers to a wire-brushed finished, which gives a rustic look.

Flamed: An aggressively-textured finish, achieved by exposing certain types of stones to intense flame.

Sandblasted: A finishing process of blasting the surface of the stone with sand, which yields a rough, porous finish. A custom stencil can be created for a unique design accent.

 

Quartz Edge Profiles

These are the most popular edge details, however, we offer many more.  The cost will depend on the labor involved with your desired design.

Straight
Group 1
3/8 Round
Group 2
1/4 Bevel
Group 2
1/2 Bevel
Group 2
Half Bullnose
Group 2
Reverse Bevel
Group 3
Full Bullnose
Group 3
1/4 Bevel Top & Bottom
Group 3
Ogee
Group 4
Step Bullnose
Group 4
Cove Ogee/Royal
Group 4
Cove
Group 4

 

 

Care and Maintenance

Natural stone, when properly sealed, is simple to care for and maintain. Keep your natural stone looking its best by; sweeping, dust-mopping or vacuuming prior to wet-mopping with pH-balanced neutral cleaner or warm water. Do not use vinegar or any cleaners containing acids or strong alkaline agents. Recommend wiping or mopping stone surfaces with warm water or a pH-neutral cleaner, followed by dry-wiping. If you spill acidic juices or alcohol on stone, you should blot dry immediately. Acid-based foods, such as citrus or tomatoes, can etch into the polish of more delicate stones, like marble and onyx. Do not place hot items, such as pots and pans, on any stone other than granite. As a safety precaution, use coaster on granite countertops. To prevent alkaline and soap-scum buildup, use squeegees in shower areas. Other large surfaces, such as flooring are often best cared for by a licensed maintenance company to protect the natural stone.

A quality impregnating sealer penetrates stone, allows the stone to breathe and permits more of the stone’s natural beauty to shine through. Unsealed stone is more susceptible to absorbing moisture, dirt and cleaning chemicals. Malisani Inc carries Tenex sealers and cleaners. We recommend sealing your natural stone, including granite countertops, immediately after installation and on a yearly basis after. A surface needs to be resealed when the surface will not hold a bead of water.

 

Preparing Cabinets

  1. Cabinets must be structurally sound, level, and capable of supporting the weight of the stone (11-16 lbs/s.f. for 2cm slab and 16-22 lbs/s.f. for 3 cm slab) and eliminating any flex or movement of the stone to prevent cracking.

  2. An unsupported span of 24” and up to a maximum of 36” is acceptable as long as the stone is supported on both sides of the span. Longer spans must be supported across the span.

  3. Over hangs should be not exceed 6” beyond the supported area. The supported area must be anchored to keep it from tipping over.

 

Links

Marble Institute of America - www.marble-institute.com
Marble Institute Videos
- www.marble-institute.com
Dal-Tile - www.daltile.com
Florida Tile - www.floridatile.com
Arizona Stone - www.arizonatile.com
Intrepid Stone - www.intrepidrocks.com

 

MALISANI INC. • Great Falls, MT • 1.406.761.0108

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MALISANI Inc is a registered, accredited, and bonded contractor. Malisani Inc has been in business for seventy five years, with craftsmanship behind our start right-finish right philosophy. We are one of the few companies that install what we sell ensuring quality assurance according to industry standards from the beginning to the end. For three generations the craftsmen of MALISANI Inc have produced some of the finest granite, terrazzo, marble, natural stone, and tile work in Montana. We are looking forward to providing you with our expertise and customer service for your next project.

Stone
Our state of the art fabrication facilities allows us to cut, shape, and polish all types of stone, granite, marble, limestone, travertine, or other natural stone, into any form including countertops, monuments, benches or signs. We have the tools and stone masons to make almost any product from stone. As enduring as the pyramids and grand as the Coliseum, natural stone can make your bathroom, kitchen, or any other space classic.

Terrazzo
The ancient art of terrazzo is alive and well at MALISANI Inc.  Terrazzo is considered the ultimate flooring system and design medium, and our craftsmen have been creating and servicing this enduring surface for over 75 years. Recent developments with exotic aggregates and colored epoxies have made this LEED certified surface the newest old thing in surfaces.

Ceramic Tile
Ceramic Tile can help you personalize your home with its rainbow of colors and multitude of sizes. It makes self expression a snap with low-maintenance as an added bonus. The fact that there have never been so many products available makes this a very exciting time, and you can rest assured that MALISANI’s experience and knowledge will make every installation fantastic.

Quartz Surfaces
The hottest new surface for countertops is Quartz, and the hottest quartz is Cambria. Cambria is the only quartz surface made in the USA, and that comes with a 10 year warrantee, and we are now fabricating this product through a partnership will Cambria. You can easily enhance your home with the warm, luxurious feeling of Quartz.

Memorials
MALISANI Inc creates monuments that will reflect a legacy to remember with our custom artwork and designs. From the simple to the simply fantastic our memorials will help you to create a record for the ages. We custom manufacture Flat, Slants, Benches and Upright monuments from many colors of stone, and custom shapes or sizes are our specialty.

Donor Recognition
MALISANI Inc can help organizations plan and carry out the production of donor recognition products for fundraising projects. The contributors often see value in having a permanent sign of your appreciation displayed in a creative manner. Let us help you accomplish your fundraising goals with a creative twist.

Accessories
We at MALISANI Inc pride ourselves on our materials knowledge and support. That is why we sell ancillary products for all of our major product lines. We have it all from ceramic tile accessories to sealers and care products for all kinds of stone and tile. We also carry a large selection of fabrication and installation tools.

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